Administratrix - A Female Administrator.
Affidavit - A Statement in Writing, Sworn to before Proper Authority.
Alien - Foreigner.
American Revolution - U.S. War for Independence from Great Britain 1775 -1783.
Ancestor - A Person From Whom You are Descended; A Forefather.
Ante - Latin Prefix Meaning Before, such as in Ante-Bellum South, "The South Before The War"
Apprentice - One Who is Bound by Indentures or by Legal Agreement or by any Means to Serve another Person for a Certain Time, with a View of Learning an Art or Trade.
Appurtenance - That Which Belongs to something else, such as a Building, Orchard, Right Of Way, Etc.
Archives - Records of a Government, Organization, Institution; The Place where Records Are Stored.
Attest - To Affirm; To Certify By Signature Or Oath.
Glossary of Genealogical Terms
Banns - Public Announcement of Intended Marriage.
Beneficiary - One Who Receives Benefit of Trust or Property.
Bequeath - To Give Personal Property To A Person In A Will. Noun - Bequest.
Bond - Written, Signed, Witnessed Agreement requiring Payment of a Specified Amount of Money on or Before a Given Date.
Bounty Land Warrant - A Right to Obtain Land, Specific Number of Acres of Unallocated Public Land, Granted for Military Service.
Census - Official Enumeration, Listing or Counting of Citizens.
Certified Copy - A Copy Made and Attested to by Officers having Charge of the Original and Authorized to give Copies.
Chattel - Personal Property which can Include Animate as well as Inanimate Properties.
Christen - To Receive or Initiate into the Visible Church by Baptism; To Name at Baptism; To Give a Name to.
Circa - About, Near, or Approximate - Usually Referring to a Date.
Civil War - War Between The States; War Between North and South, 1861-65.
Codicil - Addition to a Will.
Collateral Ancestor - Belong to the Same Ancestral Stock but not in Direct Line of Descent; Opposed to Lineal such as Aunts, Uncles & Cousins.
Common Ancestor - Ancestor Shared by any Two People.
Consanguinity - Blood Relationship.
Consort - Usually, a Wife whose Husband is Living
Conveyance - See Deed.
Cousin - Relative Descended from a Common Ancestor, but not a Brother or Sister.
Glossary of Genealogical Terms
Daughter-In-Law - Wife of One's Son.
Decedent - A Deceased Person.
Declaration Of Intention - First Paper, sworn to and Filed in Court, by an Alien Stating that he wants to become a Citizen.
Deed - A Document by Which Title in Real Property is Transferred from One Party to Another.
Deposition - A Testifying or Testimony Taken Down in Writing Under Oath of Affirmation in reply to Interrogatories, before a Competent Officer to Replace the Oral Testimony of a Witness.
Devise - Gift of Real Property By Will.
Devisee - One To Whom Real Property (Land) is Given in a Will.
Devisor - One Who Gives Real Property In a Will.
Dissenter - One who did not belong to the Established Church, especially The Church of England in the American Colonies.
District Land Office Plat Book - Books or rather Maps which show the Location of the Land Patentee.
District Land Office Tract Book - Books which List Individual Entries by Range and Township.
Double Dating - A System of Double Dating Used in England and America from 1582-1752, because it was not clear as to whether the Year Commenced January 1 or March 25
Dower - Legal Right Or Share Which A Wife Acquired By Marriage In The Real Estate Of Her Husband, Allotted To Her After His Death For Her Lifetime.
Emigrant - One Leaving A Country And Moving To Another.
Enumeration - Listing Or Counting , Such As A Census.
Epitaph - An Inscription On Or At A Tomb Or Grave In Memory Of The One Buried There.
Escheat - The Reversion Of Property To The State When There Are No Qualified Heirs.
Estate - All Property And Debts Belonging To A Person.
Et Al - Latin For "And Others".
Et Ux - Latin For "And Wife".
Et Uxor - And His Wife. Sometimes Written Simply Et Ux.
Executor - One Appointed In A Will To Carry Out Its Provisions. Female =Executrix
Father-In-Law - Father Of One's Spouse.
Fee - An Estate Of Inheritance In Land, Being Either Fee Simple Or Fee Tail. An Estate In Land Held Of A Feudal Lord On Condition Of The Performing Of Certain Services.
Fee Simple - An Absolute Ownership Without Restriction.
Fee Tail - An Estate Of Inheritance Limited To Lineal Descendant Heirs of a Person to Whom it was Granted.
Free Hold - An Estate In Fee Simple, In Fee Tail, Or For Life.
Friend - Member Of The Religious Society Of Friends; A Quaker.
Gazetteer - A Geographical Dictionary; A Book Giving Names And Descriptions Of Places
Gentleman - A Man Well Born.
Given Name - Name Given To a Person at Birth Or Baptism, One's First and Middle Names.
Glebe - Land Belonging To a Parish Church.
Grantee - One Who Buys Property Or Receives a Grant.
Grantor - One Who Sells Property Or Makes a Grant.
Guardian - Person Appointed To Care For and Manage Property Of a Minor Orphan Or an Adult Incompetent Of Managing His Own Affairs.
|Glossary of Genealogical Terms|
Half Brother/Half Sister - Child By Another
Heirs - Those Entitled By Law Or By The Terms Of a Will To Inherit Property From another.
Holographic Will - One Written Entirely In The Testator's Own Handwriting.
Homestead Act - Law Passed By Congress In 1862 allowing a Head Of a Family To Obtain Title To 160 Acres Of Public Land after Clearing and Improving It For 5 Years.
Huguenot - A French Protestant In The 16th And 17th Centuries. One Of The Reformed Or Calvinistic Communion Who Were Driven By The Thousands Into Exile In England, Holland, Germany and America.
Illegitimate - Born To a Mother Who Was Not Married To The Child's Father.
Immigrant - One Moving Into a Country From Another.
Indenture - Today It Means a Contract In 2 Or More Copies. Originally Made In 2 Parts By Cutting Or Tearing a Single Sheet Across The Middle In a Jagged Line So The Two Parts May Later Be Matched.
Indentured Servant - One Who Bound Himself Into Service Of Another Person For a Specified Number Of Years, Often In Return For Transportation To This Country.
Infant - Any Person Not Of Full Age; A Minor.
Intestate - One Who Dies Without a Will Or Dying Without a Will.
Inventory - An Account, Catalogue Or Schedule, Made By an Executor Or Administrator Of all The Goods and Chattels And Sometimes Of The Real Estate Of a Deceased Person.
Issue - Offspring; Children; Lineal Descendants Of a Common Ancestor.
Late - Recently Deceased.
Legacy - Property Or Money Left To Someone In a Will
Legislature - Lawmaking Branch Of State Or National Government; Elected Group Of Lawmakers.
Lien - A Claim Against Property As Security For Payment Of A Debt.
Lineage - Ancestry; Direct Descent From a Specific Ancestor.
Lineal - Consisting Of Or Being In a Direct Line Of Ancestry Or Descendants; Descended In a Direct Line.
Lis Pendens - Pending Court Action; Usually Applies To Land Title Claims.
Lodge - A Chapter Or Meeting Hall Of a Fraternal Organization.
Loyalist - Tory, an American Colonist Who Supported The British Side During The American Revolution.
Manuscript - A Composition Written With The Hand as an Ancient Book Or a Non-Printed Modern Book Or Music.
Marriage Bond - A Financial Guarantee That No Impediment To The Marriage Existed, Furnished By The Intended Bridegroom Or By His Friends.
Maternal - Related Through One's Mother, Such as a Maternal Grandmother Being The Mother's Mother.
Messuage - A Dwelling House.
Metes & Bounds - Property Described By Natural Boundaries, Such as '3 notches in a white oak tree'.
Microfiche - Sheet Of Microfilm with greatly reduced images of Pages of Documents.
Microfilm - Reproduction of Documents On Film At Reduced Size.
Migrant - Person who Moves from Place To Place, Usually in Search Of Work
Migrate - To Move from one Country, or State, or Region to Another. (Noun : Migration)
Militia - Citizens Of A State Who Are Not Part Of The National Military Forces But Who Can Be Called Into Military Service In An Emergency; A Citizen Army, Apart From The Regular Military Forces.
Minor - One Who Is Under Legal Age; Not Yet A Legal Adult.
Moiety - A Half; An Indefinite Portion
Mortality - Death; Death Rate.
Mortality Schedules - Enumeration Of Persons Who Died During The Year Prior To June 1 Of 1850, 1860, 1870, And 1880 In Each State Of The United States, Conducted By The Bureau Of Census.
Mortgage - A Conditional Transfer Of Title To Real Property As Security For Payment Of A Debt.
Necrology - Listing Or Record Of Persons Who Have Died Recently
Nee - Used To Identify A Woman's Maiden Name; Born With The Surname Of.
Noncupative Will - One Declared Or Dictated By The Testator, usually for Persons In Last Sickness, Sudden Illness, or Military.
Orphan's Court - Orphans Being Recognized as Wards of The States. Provisions were made for them in Special Courts.
Pension - Money Paid Regularly to an Individual, especially By A Government as Reward for Military Service During Wartime or Upon Retirement from Government Service.
Poll - List or Record of Persons, especially for Taxing or Voting.
Post - Prefix Meaning After, as in Post-War Economy.
Posterity - Descendants; Those Who Come After.
Power Of Attorney - When a Person is Unable to Act for Himself, He Appoints Another to Act on His Behalf.
Pre - Prefix Meaning Before, As In Pre-War Military Build-Up.
Pre-Emotion Rights - Right Given by the Federal Government To Citizens, To Buy a Quarter Section of Land or Less.
Probate - Having to Do With Wills and the Administration of Estates.
Progenitor - A Direct Ancestor.
Progeny - Descendants of a Common Ancestor; Issue.
Proved Will - A Will Established as Genuine by Probate Court.
Provost - A Person Appointed to Superintend, or Preside over Something.
Public Domain - Land Owned By the Government.
Quitclaim - A Deed Conveying the Interest of the Party at that Time.
Rector - A Clergyman; The Ruler or Governor of a Country.
Relict - Widow; Surviving Spouse When One Has Died, Husband or Wife.
Sic - Latin Meaning Thus; Copied Exactly as the Original Reads. Often Suggests A Mistake or Surprise in the Original.
Sponsor - A Bondsman; Surety.
Testate - A Person Who Dies Leaving a Valid Will.
Testator - A Person Who Makes a Valid Will Before His Death.
Tithable - Taxable.
Tithe - Formerly, Money Due as a Tax for Support of the Clergy or Church.
Ultimo - In the Month Before this One.
Vital Records - Records of Birth, Death, Marriage or Divorce.
Vital Statistics - Data Dealing With Birth, Death, Marriage or Divorce.
Ward - Chiefly The Division of a City for Election Purposes.
Will - Document Declaring how a Person Wants his Property Divided after his Death.
Witness - One Who is Present at a Transaction, such as a Sale Of Land or Signing of a Will, who can Testify or Affirm that it Actually took place.
Wpa Historical Records Survey - A Program Undertaken by the Us Government from 1935 - 1936, In Which Inventories were Compiled of Historical Material.
Yeoman - A Servant, an Attendant or Subordinate Official in a Royal Household; A Subordinate of a Sheriff; An Independent Farmer.
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